The stories in the book of Exodus are central to faith of both Jews and Christians. For Jews, the stories tell of their liberation from slavery to Pharaoh to become servants of YHWH. For Christians, they are the framework for understanding the death of Jesus Christ, the "lamb who was slain." The stories drive to the heart of the questions of "who are God's people", and "who is the God who saves."
The text of Exodus is a culmination of recitations over many generations, as commanded by God in Exodus 12:24-27. It contains several types of literature: narrative, law, and liturgy. The stories may be considered a faithful retelling, concerned primarily with giving theological meaning to the history of the people of Israel.
We studied Exodus in this eleven part series, basing the series' divisions on the bible study From Slavery to Service: A Study of Exodus, by Diane L. Jacobson.
Presentations were by Linda Monyak and David Monyak.
10. The Law and the Golden Calf: We Are Yet Sinners (Exodus 20:22--32:35; especially 24:9-18; 32:1-35)
Exodus (from series Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching) Terence E. Fretheim, Westminister / John Knox Press, 1991
From Slavery to Service: A Study of Exodus, by Diane L. Jacobson, Augsburg Fortress, Minneapolis, 1996 ISBN 0-8066-2978-9 (out of print)
"The Book of Exodus. Introduction, Commentary, and Reflections." Walter Brueggemann. In: The New Interpreter's Bible, A Commentary in Twelve Volumes, Volume I. Abingdon Press, Nashville, 1994. ISBN 0-687-27814-7
The Book of Exodus. A Critical, Theological Commentary. Brevard S. Childs, Westminster John Knox Press, 1974. ISBN 0-664-20985-8