The ancient Greeks believed that God, a "perfect being," must be impassible, incapable of experiencing suffering and pain. The ancient Hebrews however knew a far different God, a personal God whose image and likeness is reflected in our humanity.
In this series on Wednesday evenings from Oct 12, 2005 to Dec 7, 2005, we explored how the God as described in the Old Testament is a God "who suffers, . . . who has entered deeply into the human situation and made it his own."
Our primary reference was The Suffering of God. An Old Testament Perspective, by Terence E. Fretheim. Presentations were by Linda Monyak
The Suffering of God. An Old Testament Perspective. Terence E. Fretheim. Fortress Press, Phildelphia. 1984
The Crucified God. Jurgen Moltmann. SCM Press. London 1974
A Theology of the Pain of God. Kazoh Kitamori. 1946